Survey Questionnaire Results
Selected 2018 NAEP civics survey questionnaire results are highlighted below for students' coursetaking in civics and/or U.S. government; teachers' instruction in civics and/or U.S. government; and students' confidence in civics-related knowledge and skills.
NAEP survey questionnaire responses provide additional information for understanding NAEP performance results. Although comparisons in students' performance are made based on student, teacher, and school characteristics and educational experiences, these results cannot be used to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the characteristics or experiences and student achievement. NAEP is not designed to identify the causes of performance differences. Therefore, results must be interpreted with caution. There are many factors that may influence average student achievement, including local educational policies and practices, the quality of teachers, available resources, and the demographic characteristics of the student body. Such factors may change over time and vary among student groups.