Student Group Scores and Score Gaps
Student Group Score Trends
Scores lower on average for some student groups compared to 2018
While some student groups had lower average scores in 2022 compared to 2018, the average civics score did not differ significantly from 2018 for many student groups: for example, no significant changes were observed in the scores for students across all reported racial/ethnic groups and all four regions of the country.
Across student groups, average eighth-grade civics scores in 2022 were lower compared to 2018 for the following student groups:
- male and female students;
- students not eligible for the National School Lunch Program;
- students whose parents had graduated from high school, and students whose parents had some education after high school;
- students attending public schools;
- students who were not identified as students with disabilities; and
- students who were not identified as English learners.
In comparison to 1998, average eighth-grade civics scores in 2022 were higher for Hispanic students, students identified as students with disabilities, and students identified as English learners.
See trends in average scores for reported student groups by clicking on the thumbnails within the drop-downs below. Scroll down the page to find out how percentages of student groups have changed over time.
The Type of School results below include data for public schools and Catholic schools (a subcategory of private schools) only for the years where the results were reportable. In 2022, results for private schools overall and Catholic schools did not meet the minimum participation rate guideline for reporting, and therefore are not included here. See more information about years with available data by type of school and other student demographic groups.
Figure Trend in eighth-grade NAEP civics average scores, by selected student groups
A Closer Look at Student Group Performance
Dig deeper into the student group results
This section explores the results for one student group by other student characteristics. For example, the results for each racial/ethnic student group can be explored in the context of parental education level: the average score for Black students whose parents graduated from high school was lower in 2022 (115) than in 2018 (129). Use the drop-down menus below to view how a student group performs in relation to another student group across civics assessment years.
Figure Trend in eighth-grade NAEP civics average scores for Black students, by highest level of parental education
Score Gap Trends
No significant change in score gaps among most student groups in civics compared to 2018
In comparison to 2018, there were no significant changes in average score differences among most student groups in 2022.
The score gap between White and Hispanic eighth-graders has narrowed from 31 points in 1998 to 19 points in 2022. The average score for Hispanic students in 2022 increased by 14 points compared to 1998, while there was no significant score change for their White peers during the same period of time, which resulted in the narrowing of the White–Hispanic score gap.
Figure Trend in eighth-grade NAEP civics average scores and score gaps, by race/ethnicity
Group Population Percentages
Demographic changes in student populations
Compared to the previous assessment in 2018, the population of eighth-grade students has changed for a few student groups. The percentage of students of Two or More Races was higher in 2022 compared to 2018, as was the percentage of students who were identified as English learners. In comparison to the first assessment year in 1998, the percentages of eighth-graders in various student groups have also changed in 2022. For example, the percentage of White students was lower while the percentages of Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanic students and students of Two or More Races were higher. Select a student group from the drop-down menu to view changes in the percentage distribution for that group over time.
Read more about changes in policy for reporting by race/ethnicity.
Figure Percentage distribution of students in eighth-grade NAEP civics, by race/ethnicity and assessment year
|Year||American Indian/Alaska Native||Asian||Asian/Pacific Islander||Black||Hispanic||Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander||Two or More Races||White|