Student Group Scores and Score Gaps

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Group Population Percentages

Demographic changes in student populations

Compared to the previous assessment in 2018, the population of eighth-grade students has changed for a few student groups. The percentage of students of Two or More Races was higher in 2022 compared to 2018, as was the percentage of students who were identified as English learners. In comparison to the first assessment year in 1998, the percentages of eighth-graders in various student groups have also changed in 2022. For example, the percentage of White students was lower while the percentages of Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanic students and students of Two or More Races were higher. Select a student group from the drop-down menu to view changes in the percentage distribution for that group over time.

Read more about changes in policy for reporting by race/ethnicity.

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Figure Percentage distribution of students in eighth-grade NAEP civics, by race/ethnicity and assessment year
YearAmerican Indian/​Alaska NativeAsianAsian/​Pacific IslanderBlackHispanicNative Hawaiian/​Other Pacific IslanderTwo or More RacesWhite
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Achievement-Level Results