National Average Scores
The average mathematics score for fourth-grade students in 2019 was 1 point higher compared to 2017, the previous assessment year. The average mathematics score for fourth-grade students increased by 27 points compared to the first assessment year in 1990. Average scores are reported on the NAEP mathematics scale at grade 4 that ranges from 0 to 500.
The chart below shows the trend in average mathematics scores beginning in 1990 and the cut scores indicating the lower end of the score range for each NAEP achievement level: NAEP Basic, NAEP Proficient, and NAEP Advanced. Read a description of each NAEP achievement level by clicking the question mark icons. Read more about NAEP achievement levels and how they are set. Please note, NAEP achievement levels are to be used on a trial basis and should be interpreted and used with caution.
NAEP reports scores at five selected percentiles to show the progress made by lower- (10th and 25th percentiles), middle- (50th percentile), and higher- (75th and 90th percentiles) performing students. In 2019, mathematics scores were higher by 1 point for students at the 25th and 50th percentiles in comparison to 2017. Also in 2019, mathematics scores were higher at all five selected percentiles compared to 1990, the first assessment year.