Survey Questionnaire Results
Below are selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) U.S. history survey questionnaire results from 2022. The selected results describe learning contexts, opportunities, and student and educator perspectives as well as learning disruptions and recovery efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic. A special COVID-19 module was added to the 2022 NAEP U.S. history grade 8 survey questionnaires to collect information about students’ learning experiences and how educators were meeting the academic challenges presented by the pandemic. Read more about NAEP survey questionnaires.
NAEP survey questionnaire responses provide additional information for understanding NAEP performance results. Although comparisons in students’ performance are made based on student, teacher, and school characteristics and educational experiences, these results cannot be used to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the characteristics or experiences and student achievement. NAEP is not designed to identify the causes of performance differences. There are many factors that may influence average student achievement, including local educational policies and practices, the quality of teachers, and available resources. Such factors may change over time and vary among student groups; therefore, results must be interpreted with caution.
Learning Disruptions During the Pandemic
All students who took the U.S. history assessment in 2022 were asked if they ever attended school from home or somewhere else outside of school for any duration during the 2020–21 school year because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-four percent of students recalled learning remotely during the 2020–21 school year, while 18 percent reported they did not learn remotely, and eight percent did not remember.
Figure Percentage of eighth-grade students in NAEP U.S. history who reported whether they ever attended school from home or somewhere else outside of school because of the COVID-19 outbreak during the 2020–21 school year: 2022
Of the 74 percent of eighth-graders who recalled learning remotely in the 2020–21 school year, smaller percentages of lower-performing students (scoring below the 25th percentile on the U.S. history assessment) reported that they had a desktop computer, laptop, or tablet available all the time; had a teacher available to help them with their U.S. history schoolwork every day; and participated in real-time video lessons with their teacher every day compared to their higher-performing peers (scoring at or above the 75th percentile).
Figure Percentage of eighth-grade students in NAEP U.S. history who learned remotely during the 2020–21 school year by selected percentiles and by various remote learning experiences: 2022
74% of students recalled experiencing remote learning during the 2020–21 school year. What supports did those students have?
Proportion of lower-performing students (below 25th percentile)
Proportion of higher-performing students (at or above 75th percentile)
|Had a desktop/laptop computer or tablet available all the time|
|Had a teacher available to help them with history schoolwork every day|
|Participated in real-time video lessons with their teacher every day|