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A Closer Look: English Language Learners (ELL)

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Credits Earned
Curriculum Levels
Missing Requirements to Attain Standard
Missing Requirements to Attain Midlevel

 English language learners (ELL) represented 2 percent of all graduates in 2009. ELL graduates earned, on average, lower GPAs overall and in core academic, other academic, and other courses than non-ELL graduates.

Percentage of graduates completing each curriculum level, by English language learner (ELL) status: 2009
Grade Point Averages by English language learner status and course type: 2009
Course type English language learners Non-English language learners
Overall GPA Overall GPA
Average GPA Standard error Average GPA Standard error
Overall 2.75 * (0.027) 3.00   (0.009)
Core academic 2.52 * (0.031) 2.79   (0.010)
Other academic 2.91 * (0.032) 3.15   (0.010)
Other 3.10 * (0.028) 3.40   (0.009)

* Significantly different (p<.05) from non-English language learners.

NOTE: Core academic courses are English, mathematics, science, and social studies. Other academic courses are fine arts, foreign languages, and computer-related studies. Other courses include courses such as vocational education, personal health, and physical education.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, High School Transcript Study (HSTS), 2009.

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