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The Nation's Report Card

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Higher levels of parental education associated with higher achievement


Average eighth-grade NAEP civics scores, by student-reported highest level of parental education


  • Students whose parents graduated from college scored 32 points higher than students whose parents did not graduate from high school.

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Race/ethnicity and parental education

NOTE: Difference was calculated using unrounded numbers. The text of the question on parental education differed between 2006 and 1998. Therefore, a comparison across years is not available. View complete data with standard errors.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2006 Civics Assessment.

To read more details related to students' responses to background questions about parental education levels, see NAEP reporting groups.

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