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The Nation's Report Card

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Knowledge of U.S. history differs by income levels


Average fourth-grade NAEP U.S. history scores, by eligibility for National School Lunch Program


  • Students from lower-income families (those eligible for either free or reduced-price school lunch) scored lower on average than those from higher-income families.
  • The score gap between students in the lowest income level (eligible for free lunch) and those in the highest level (not eligible) was 31 points.

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Race/ethnicity and family income

Read more about the available data by student eligibility for the National School Lunch Program.

NOTE: Students from lower-income families are defined as those eligible for the National School Lunch Program. View complete data with standard errors.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2006 U.S. History Assessment.

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