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About the Assessment: Inclusion Rates

NAEP has always endeavored to assess all students selected as a part of its sampling process, including students who are classified by their schools as students with disabilities (SD) and/or as English language learners (ELL). The decision to exclude any of these students is made by school personnel. School personnel are encouraged to use inclusion criteria provided by NAEP and may discuss their inclusion decisions with NAEP field staff. Some students may participate with testing accommodations. Read more about the NAEP inclusion policy, including exclusion rates from current and previous assessments in all subject areas.

The tables below show the percentage of students identified as SD and/or ELL, and provide the rate of students excluded and accommodated in two ways: as a percentage of all students in the NAEP sample, or as a percentage of students identified as SD and/or ELL. Tables that provide percentages of SD students include those identified under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (Title 29 U.S.C. 794 Section 504), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of handicap in federally assisted programs and activities. In addition, the percentages are further disaggregated in the SD tables by showing those who were identified as having an Individualized Education Program (IEP) . View district inclusion rates.

Grade 4 SD/ELL
Grade 4 SD
Grade 4 ELL
Grade 8 SD/ELL
Grade 8 SD
Grade 8 ELL
Grade 12 SD/ELL
Grade 12 SD
Grade 12 ELL

Percentage of twelfth-grade students identified as students with disabilities (SD) excluded and assessed in NAEP reading, as a percentage of identified SD students, by state/jurisdiction: 2009
  Percentage of identified SD students
State/jurisdiction Excluded Assessed Assessed
    Nation 31 69 18 50
      Nation (public) 33 67 19 49
Arkansas 19 81 20 61
Connecticut 22 78 11 67
Florida 35 65 3 62
Idaho 27 73 31 42
Illinois 38 62 9 53
Iowa 28 72 13 59
Massachusetts 28 72 15 57
New Hampshire 20 80 38 42
New Jersey 22 78 10 68
South Dakota 35 65 29 36
West Virginia 20 80 34 46
NOTE: SD includes those identified under section 504. In NAEP, students who have and IEP or a 504 pan are classified as students with disabilities. The national results include both public and nonpublic school students. The national (public) and state results include public school students only. Eleven states participated in the assessment and met the reporting criteria. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Reading Assessment.