National school and student participation rates, by type of school, grades 4, 8, and 12: 2005

School participation

Student participation


Studentweighted

Schoolweighted

Number of schools participating after substitution

Studentweighted percent

Number of students assessed

Type of school

Percent before substitution

Percent after substitution

Percent before substitution

Percent after substitution

Grade 4








Nation

96

98

90

94

9,500

94

172,000

Public

100

100

100

100

8,700

94

163,000

Private

68

83

64

78

700

95

6,200

Grade 8








Nation

97

98

86

90

7,200

91

161,600

Public

99

99

99

99

6,500

91

152,800

Private

67

81

65

76

700

94

6,800

Grade 12








Nation

82

87

76

83

900

68

9,300

Public

85

90

87

92

700

67

7,400

Private

47

59

48

58

200

84

1,900

NOTE: The national totals for schools include Department of Defense Education Activity (overseas and domestic schools) and Bureau of Indian Affairs schools, which are not included in either the public or private totals. The national totals for students include students in these schools.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2005 Mathematics Assessment.

This table provides a summary of the 2005 national school and student participation rates for the mathematics assessment sample. Participation rates are presented for public and nonpublic schools, both individually and combined. Four different rates are presented. The first rate is a studentcentered, weighted percentage of schools participating in the assessment, before substitution of demographically similar schools. (The initial base sampling weights were used in weighting the percentages of participating schools and students. An attempt was made to preselect one substitute school for each sampled public school, one for each sampled Catholic school, and one for each sample nonpublic school (other than Catholic). To minimize bias, a substitute school resembled the original selection as much as possible in affiliation, type of location, estimated number of gradeeligible students, and demographic composition.)This rate is based only on the schools that were initially selected for the assessment. The numerator of this rate is the estimated number of students represented by the initially selected schools that participated in the assessment. The denominator is the estimated number of students represented by the initially selected schools that had eligible students enrolled.
The second school participation rate is a studentcentered, weighted participation rate after substitution. The numerator of this rate is the estimated number of students represented by the participating schools, whether originally selected or selected as a substitute for a school that chose not to participate. The denominator is the estimated number of students represented by the initially selected schools that had eligible students enrolled (this is the same as that for the weighted participation rate for the sample of schools before substitution). Because of the common denominators, the weighted participation rate after substitution is at least as great as the weighted participation rate before substitution.
The third school participation rate is a schoolcentered, weighted percentage of schools participating in the assessment before substitution of demographically similar schools. This rate is based only on the schools that were initially selected for the assessment. The numerator of this rate is the estimated number of schools represented by the initially selected schools that participated in the assessment. The denominator is the estimated number of schools represented by the initially selected schools that had eligible students enrolled.
The fourth school participation rate is a schoolcentered, weighted participation rate after substitution. The numerator is the estimated number of schools represented by the participating schools, whether originally selected or selected as a substitute for a school that did not participate. The denominator is the estimated number of schools, represented by the initially selected schools that had eligible students enrolled.
The studentcentered and schoolcentered school participation rates differ if school participation is associated with the size of the school. If the studentcentered rate is higher than the schoolcentered rate, this indicates that larger schools participated at a higher rate than smaller schools. If the studentcentered rate is lower, smaller schools participated at a higher rate than larger schools.
Also presented in this table are weighted student participation rates. Some students sampled for NAEP are not assessed because they cannot meaningfully participate (for example a student with severe impairment of cognitive functioning). The numerator of this rate is the estimated number of students who are represented by the students assessed (in either an initial session or a makeup session). The denominator of this rate is the estimated number of students represented by the eligible sampled students in participating schools.