Average scale scores and percentages for grade 4 mathematics, by race/ethnicity used to report trends, school-reported and jurisdiction: 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005, and 2003
YearJurisdictionWhiteBlackHispanicAsian/Pacific IslanderAmerican Indian/Alaska NativeTwo or more races
Average scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard ErrorAverage scale scoreStandard ErrorPercentageStandard Error
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin. Prior to 2011, students in the "two or more races" category were categorized as "unclassified." The 2017 assessed sample for Dallas in grade 4 reading was not representative of the target population for two major reporting groups: Hispanic and English language learner students. Assessed samples in Dallas for other grades and subjects in 2017 were unaffected. DCPS = District of Columbia Public Schools. The NAEP Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 500. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Analyze results with NAEP Data Explorer.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessments.
2011National public249(0.2)52(0.4)224(0.4)16(0.3)229(0.3)24(0.4)256(1.1)5(0.2)227(0.9)1(0.1)244(0.7)2(0.0)
2011 Large city251(0.8)20(0.9)222(0.5)27(0.9)228(0.6)43(1.1)249(2.0)8(0.6)227(5.2)1(0.1)245(1.7)2(0.1)
2011 Albuquerque254(1.9)23(1.4)(†)2(0.4)229(1.3)65(1.6)(†)3(0.5)227(3.3)4(0.5)(†)3(0.4)
2011 Atlanta269(1.4)15(0.4)219(0.8)76(0.4)230(2.8)6(0.4)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.2)
2011 Austin266(1.5)26(1.8)232(2.7)8(0.8)237(1.5)61(1.6)(†)3(0.3)(†)#(0.1)(†)2(0.3)
2011 Baltimore City244(2.6)9(0.6)223(1.2)87(1.1)(†)3(0.6)(†)1(0.4)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)
2011 Boston255(1.8)12(0.5)230(1.1)34(0.7)234(1.2)44(0.7)259(2.5)8(0.4)(†)#(0.1)(†)2(0.2)
2011 Charlotte264(1.4)35(1.1)232(1.4)38(1.2)240(1.6)18(0.9)258(3.7)5(0.6)(†)#(0.1)(†)3(0.3)
2011 Chicago246(2.5)8(1.2)217(1.9)41(1.7)223(1.3)44(1.7)247(3.1)6(1.0)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)
2011 Cleveland232(2.0)15(0.7)211(0.9)67(0.6)218(1.8)14(0.6)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(0.1)(†)3(0.3)
2011 Dallas258(3.5)5(1.6)225(2.0)23(1.5)234(1.2)71(1.3)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 Detroit(†)3(0.9)201(1.5)84(2.6)215(2.4)12(2.5)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2011 District of Columbia (DCPS)272(1.8)11(0.4)212(1.2)72(0.7)223(2.6)14(0.6)(†)2(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.2)
2011 Fresno238(2.2)12(0.9)214(2.3)9(0.6)214(1.0)66(1.1)223(2.1)12(0.8)(†)1(0.3)(†)1(0.2)
2011 Hillsborough County (FL)253(1.7)37(2.0)228(1.9)20(1.8)239(1.2)35(1.6)(†)3(0.5)(†)#(†)252(3.6)4(0.4)
2011 Houston259(2.1)8(0.9)229(1.4)24(1.9)236(0.9)64(1.4)264(3.4)3(0.5)(†)#(0.1)(†)1(0.2)
2011 Jefferson County (KY)243(1.2)53(1.2)221(1.3)35(1.3)238(3.1)6(0.6)255(4.3)3(0.5)(†)#(0.1)(†)2(0.3)
2011 Los Angeles243(1.6)9(1.0)215(3.0)10(1.0)220(0.8)75(1.4)251(2.7)6(0.8)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2011 Miami-Dade255(2.0)7(0.9)225(1.5)25(2.0)237(1.0)66(1.9)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.2)
2011 Milwaukee239(1.9)15(1.5)211(1.4)51(2.4)221(1.8)26(1.8)230(3.2)7(1.6)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(0.2)
2011 New York City248(3.2)15(1.1)226(1.1)29(2.0)227(1.7)37(2.3)251(2.0)19(1.6)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.1)
2011 Philadelphia243(3.0)12(1.6)220(0.9)58(1.9)223(2.4)22(2.2)251(2.8)6(1.0)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.3)
2011 San Diego258(2.1)23(2.0)222(2.7)12(1.1)229(1.4)44(1.9)248(2.5)15(1.3)(†)#(†)249(4.0)5(0.5)
2009National public248(0.2)54(0.4)222(0.3)16(0.3)227(0.4)22(0.4)255(1.0)5(0.2)227(0.8)1(0.0)242(1.0)2(0.1)
2009 Large city250(1.0)20(0.7)219(0.6)29(0.8)226(0.5)42(1.0)253(2.0)7(0.4)227(3.7)1(0.1)240(2.3)1(0.1)
2009 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Atlanta266(1.8)13(0.5)218(1.0)79(0.5)222(3.7)5(0.3)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.3)
2009 Austin262(1.5)25(1.2)226(2.7)11(0.9)233(1.1)60(1.4)(†)3(0.6)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)
2009 Baltimore City240(3.5)8(1.3)220(1.0)87(1.7)(†)3(0.6)(†)1(0.4)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2009 Boston251(2.2)14(0.5)231(1.2)39(0.7)232(1.1)37(0.7)260(3.7)8(0.5)(†)#(0.2)(†)1(0.3)
2009 Charlotte263(1.3)36(2.1)231(1.4)39(2.2)235(1.8)16(1.3)257(4.8)5(0.5)(†)#(0.1)249(3.1)5(0.4)
2009 Chicago242(3.2)9(1.6)212(1.8)45(2.3)226(1.3)42(2.6)255(4.5)4(0.8)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.0)
2009 Cleveland228(2.3)15(0.7)209(1.3)68(0.8)217(2.3)13(0.5)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(0.1)(†)3(0.4)
2009 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Detroit(†)3(0.7)199(1.8)84(4.5)206(3.5)11(3.9)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)1(0.1)
2009 District of Columbia (DCPS)270(2.3)9(0.5)212(0.9)77(0.6)227(2.8)12(0.6)(†)2(0.3)(†)#(0.0)(†)#(†)
2009 Fresno237(2.5)14(0.8)213(3.1)10(0.7)216(1.7)63(1.0)220(3.3)12(0.8)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2009 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2009 Houston260(2.5)7(1.1)227(1.9)25(1.9)235(1.2)64(1.4)264(3.2)4(0.4)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Jefferson County (KY)243(1.7)53(1.2)216(1.7)36(1.2)226(3.5)5(0.5)(†)3(0.7)(†)#(0.1)(†)4(0.4)
2009 Los Angeles245(3.3)9(1.0)209(3.0)7(0.6)218(1.1)77(1.4)248(2.7)7(1.3)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2009 Miami-Dade253(2.0)10(1.1)222(1.6)25(2.0)239(1.1)62(1.7)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.3)
2009 Milwaukee242(3.0)13(1.8)211(2.0)56(3.3)226(1.5)22(2.7)231(4.1)5(1.2)(†)1(0.3)(†)4(0.4)
2009 New York City254(1.9)15(1.5)227(1.2)28(1.8)230(1.2)40(1.8)258(2.0)16(1.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2009 Philadelphia239(2.6)12(1.5)216(1.7)61(2.8)221(2.1)19(3.0)243(4.2)6(0.9)(†)#(0.0)(†)2(0.3)
2009 San Diego255(2.3)27(2.4)222(2.8)12(1.2)224(1.7)43(2.4)247(2.2)17(2.0)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2007National public248(0.2)55(0.3)222(0.3)17(0.3)227(0.3)21(0.3)254(0.8)5(0.1)229(0.8)1(0.0)240(0.9)1(0.1)
2007 Large city249(0.8)20(0.8)219(0.7)31(0.8)224(0.6)40(1.1)251(2.5)7(0.5)230(1.6)1(0.1)240(2.7)1(0.1)
2007 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Atlanta266(2.5)12(0.6)217(1.1)82(0.9)223(4.4)5(0.7)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.1)
2007 Austin263(1.0)26(2.0)226(1.2)13(1.5)233(1.1)58(1.3)268(2.8)3(0.5)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.0)
2007 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Boston250(2.7)12(1.1)226(1.4)44(1.6)230(1.6)35(2.4)255(3.1)8(0.9)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.1)
2007 Charlotte261(1.2)36(1.7)230(1.3)42(1.9)234(2.6)14(1.4)263(3.0)4(0.6)(†)#(0.1)(†)3(0.5)
2007 Chicago244(2.9)10(1.7)213(1.6)46(2.8)219(1.5)41(2.5)249(3.9)3(0.9)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Cleveland233(2.3)20(2.6)210(1.5)66(3.5)215(5.3)11(2.3)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)2(0.3)
2007 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 District of Columbia (DCPS)262(2.8)6(0.4)209(0.8)83(0.6)220(2.4)9(0.6)(†)2(0.3)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.1)
2007 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Houston263(2.4)6(0.8)225(1.7)26(1.6)234(1.2)65(1.7)265(3.0)3(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2007 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Los Angeles247(1.8)9(0.9)216(2.3)10(1.5)217(1.0)75(1.2)246(2.4)5(0.7)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2007 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 New York City249(1.5)17(2.0)227(1.6)29(2.6)230(1.3)40(2.5)257(2.7)13(2.2)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.1)
2007 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2007 San Diego252(2.5)23(2.5)222(3.4)11(1.2)223(1.5)47(2.5)247(2.0)18(2.0)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(0.0)
2005National public246(0.2)57(0.3)220(0.3)17(0.3)225(0.3)20(0.3)251(0.7)4(0.1)227(1.0)1(0.1)240(0.9)1(0.0)
2005 Large city247(0.7)21(0.7)217(0.6)32(0.8)223(0.4)39(0.8)247(1.4)6(0.3)232(2.2)1(0.1)235(3.3)1(0.1)
2005 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Atlanta263(2.1)11(0.6)215(0.9)84(0.7)(†)3(0.4)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(0.0)(†)1(0.2)
2005 Austin262(1.6)28(1.2)228(2.2)14(1.1)234(1.3)55(1.6)(†)3(0.8)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Boston244(2.4)13(0.9)223(1.3)45(1.3)225(1.4)32(1.2)256(2.4)9(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.2)
2005 Charlotte261(1.7)41(2.1)230(1.6)40(2.0)234(2.0)11(1.6)256(3.4)5(0.6)(†)#(0.2)(†)3(0.4)
2005 Chicago243(2.4)8(1.6)208(1.6)46(2.1)217(2.2)42(2.5)(†)3(0.6)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2005 Cleveland233(2.4)19(1.6)215(1.3)70(2.0)224(4.3)7(1.6)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(0.2)(†)3(0.7)
2005 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 District of Columbia (DCPS)266(2.6)4(0.3)207(0.7)86(0.6)215(2.4)8(0.5)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.0)
2005 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Houston262(2.1)10(1.9)224(1.8)28(2.1)232(1.1)59(1.6)(†)3(0.5)(†)#(0.0)(†)#(†)
2005 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Los Angeles247(2.6)10(1.1)209(2.5)10(1.5)216(0.9)74(1.9)246(2.7)6(0.9)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2005 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 New York City245(1.7)14(1.4)222(1.7)35(1.8)226(1.3)39(1.9)253(2.6)12(1.3)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(†)
2005 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2005 San Diego249(1.9)23(2.4)221(2.8)14(1.7)222(1.1)44(2.5)245(2.0)17(2.2)(†)1(0.2)(†)#(†)
2003National public243(0.2)58(0.4)216(0.4)17(0.3)221(0.4)19(0.4)246(1.2)4(0.2)224(1.1)1(0.1)236(1.1)1(0.0)
2003 Large city243(0.8)22(0.8)212(0.6)34(1.1)219(0.8)36(1.2)246(3.6)7(0.7)230(3.5)1(0.1)231(2.9)#(0.0)
2003 Albuquerque(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Atlanta258(6.3)10(1.5)211(1.1)87(1.9)(†)2(0.7)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.2)
2003 Austin(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Baltimore City(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Boston234(3.0)12(1.4)216(1.5)46(1.8)215(1.7)33(2.4)243(3.1)8(0.8)(†)1(0.3)(†)#(†)
2003 Charlotte257(1.5)41(2.8)229(1.1)46(2.9)233(2.5)7(0.8)252(4.0)4(0.5)(†)1(0.2)(†)2(0.4)
2003 Chicago235(2.8)11(1.5)207(1.4)52(2.4)217(1.9)34(2.3)(†)3(0.5)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)
2003 Cleveland233(3.1)16(2.0)210(0.9)76(2.5)220(3.6)6(1.3)(†)1(0.2)(†)1(0.1)(†)1(0.3)
2003 Dallas(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Detroit(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 District of Columbia (DCPS)262(2.2)4(0.4)202(0.7)87(0.5)205(2.0)8(0.5)(†)1(0.1)(†)#(†)(†)#(0.0)
2003 Fresno(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Hillsborough County (FL)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Houston254(2.5)7(1.3)221(1.9)35(2.1)226(1.3)56(1.8)(†)2(0.7)(†)#(†)(†)#(†)
2003 Jefferson County (KY)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Los Angeles241(3.4)11(1.3)208(3.7)10(1.9)211(0.9)73(2.0)241(2.7)6(1.0)(†)#(0.1)(†)#(0.0)
2003 Miami-Dade(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 Milwaukee(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 New York City244(1.8)15(1.7)219(1.6)35(2.1)220(1.5)37(1.8)247(1.5)12(1.4)(†)1(0.4)(†)#(0.1)
2003 Philadelphia(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)(†)
2003 San Diego243(1.8)23(1.8)216(1.8)17(2.6)216(1.1)42(2.1)238(1.3)18(2.2)(†)#(0.2)(†)#(†)