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The Nation's Report Card

Writing Overall Results State Results District Results Results by Demographic Groups Sample Questions Classroom Context About the Assessment About the Writing Assessment National Participation Rates National Exclusion Rates Target Populations and Samples State and District Participation Rates State Exclusion Rates District Exclusion Rates Type of Accommodations Information For... Media Parents Educators Researchers Policymakers Resources About the Nation's Report Card Data Tools FAQ Contacts

Exclusion rates in writing by district

NAEP has always endeavored to assess all students selected as a part of its sampling process, including students who are classified by their schools as students with disabilities (SD) and/or as English language learners (ELL). The decision to exclude any of these students is made by school personnel. School personnel are encouraged to use inclusion criteria provided by NAEP and may discuss their inclusion decisions with NAEP field staff. Some students may participate with testing accommodations. Read more about the NAEP inclusion policy.

Within any assessment year, exclusion and accommodation rates may vary across jurisdictions. In addition, exclusion and accommodation rates may increase or decrease between assessment administrations, making it difficult to interpret comparisons over time within jurisdictions. Since students with disabilities and English language learners tend to score below average on assessments, exclusion of students from these groups may result in a higher average score than if those students had taken the assessment. Providing appropriate testing accommodations (e.g., providing extended time for some SD or ELL students to take the assessment), on the other hand, removes barriers that would otherwise prevent them from demonstrating their knowledge and skills. Read more about the relation of exclusion and accommodation rates to results.

Eighth-grade public school students with disabilities identified, excluded, and assessed in NAEP writing, as a percentage of all students, by jurisdiction: 2007
Jurisdiction Identified Excluded Assessed Assessed
Nation (public) 13 3 10 3 8
Large central city 13 3 10 3 7
Atlanta 10 2 8 2 6
Austin 16 4 12 7 5
Boston 19 5 14 2 12
Charlotte 12 2 10 2 8
Chicago 18 3 14 2 12
Cleveland 20 10 10 1 9
District of Columbia
Houston 12 5 7 3 3
Los Angeles 10 2 9 3 5
New York City 14 1 13 1 12
San Diego 11 3 8 3 5
— Not available. The jurisdiction did not participate.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2007 Trial Urban District Writing Assessment.

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