Nationally representative samples of about 190,000 fourth-graders, 172,000 eighth-graders, and 46,000 twelfth-graders participated in the 2013 NAEP reading assessment. Results are reported for public and private school students in the nation, and for public school students in states where sample sizes were large enough to report on individual state performance. At each grade, students responded to questions designed to measure their reading skills across two types of texts: literary and informational.
At grades 4 and 8, average reading scores were higher in 2013 than in 1992, but only the score for eighth-graders increased from 2011 to 2013.
- White students made gains since 2011 at both grades, and Black, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander students made gains at grade 8.
- Compared to 2011, higher percentages of students at both grades are performing at the Proficient and Advanced levels.
At grade 12, the average reading score in 2013 was unchanged from the last twelfth-grade assessment in 2009, but lower than in 1992.
- Black twelfth-graders scored lower in 2013 than in 1992 and the White – Black score gap was widened.
- Lower percentages of students performed at the Basic and Proficient levels in 2013 than in 1992.
At grades 4 and 8, results are available for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools.
- Average reading scores were higher in 2013 than in 2011 for 9 states at grade 4 and for 14 states at grade 8, with students in Iowa, Tennessee, Washington, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools showing gains at both grades.
At grade 12, results are available for 13 states in 2013 and 11 states in 2009.
- Average reading scores were higher in 2013 than in 2009 for twelfth-graders in Arkansas and Connecticut.
See the national/state results for grades 4 and 8.
See the national/state results for grade 12.
- Compared to 2011, average reading scores were higher in the District of Columbia (DCPS) at both grades. Scores were higher in Atlanta, Chicago, and Los Angeles at grade 4 and in Charlotte and Fresno at grade 8. Fourth-graders in Detroit had lower scores in 2013 than in 2011.